Session 3: Wedding at Canna


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Walkin’ to a Bar

Wedding at Cana

Main Passages

John 2:1-12

1 The next day there was a wedding celebration in the village of Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples were also invited to the celebration. 3 The wine supply ran out during the festivities, so Jesus’ mother told him, “They have no more wine.” 4 “Dear woman, that’s not our problem,” Jesus replied. “My time has not yet come.” 5 But his mother told the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” 6 Standing nearby were six stone water jars, used for Jewish ceremonial washing. Each could hold twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus told the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” When the jars had been filled, 8 he said, “Now dip some out, and take it to the master of ceremonies.” So the servants followed his instructions. 9 When the master of ceremonies tasted the water that was now wine, not knowing where it had come from (though, of course, the servants knew), he called the bridegroom over. 10 “A host always serves the best wine first,” he said. “Then, when everyone has had a lot to drink, he brings out the less expensive wine. But you have kept the best until now!” 11 This miraculous sign at Cana in Galilee was the first time Jesus revealed his glory. And his disciples believed in him. 12 After the wedding he went to Capernaum for a few days with his mother, his brothers, and his disciples.

Activities Guide

Feel free to use any of these activities as part of your lesson. Or you can scrap them all

Wedding Fail Media
Here are some videos & photo galleries of wedding fails. You will want to screen these to see if they are appropriate for your audience.


Wedding Fails Photo Galleries



MASH – Wedding Edition
Discover the details for your group’s “dream” wedding. Using the categories below, have each group member choose one answer for each category. IF you do not remember how to play MASH check out this website:
Use the provided worksheet, or create your own on a piece of paper.


  • Spouses name
  • Age of Marriage
  • Ceremony location (example: Church, beach, justice of the peace, etc).
  • Wedding Location
  • Honeymoon Location
  • # of Groomsmen/Bridesmaids
  • Best Man/Maid of Honor

Water Taste Test

Bring 3-4 types of bottled water and tap water and have your group taste test them.

Discussion Guide

Icebreaker Questions

  • What is something crazy/special/unique that happened at your wedding or a wedding that you attended?
    • (If not a wedding, perhaps a party or other social gathering)
  • What was (or is) your biggest fear for your wedding? (or social gathering that you might host)

Read John 2:1-12
Discussion Questions

  • Does it seem unusual that Jesus would attend a wedding?
    • Why or Why not?
  • Why was it bad that the wedding ran out of wine?
    • Why would that be an embarrassment for the wedding party?
      “Running out of wine was not just inconvenient, but a social disaster and disgrace. The family would have to live with the shame of it for a long time to come; bride and groom might regard it as bad luck on their married life.” – NT Wright
  • How would you feel if you were host such a large gathering and something ran out?
  • What was Mary’s solution to the problem?
  • Why do you think Jesus objected? What might Jesus mean by “My time has not yet come?”
    • If his time had “not yet come, why did he still perform a miracle?
  • What do you think of the relationship between Mary and Jesus in this story?
  • Why was the Master of Ceremonies impressed?
    • Why would he have been impressed that the brought out the best wine toward the end of the party?
  • Why do you think Jesus did not take credit for this miracle? (see verse 9)
  • Imagine if you were one of the servants who filled the jugs with water. What would you tell your family or friends about the wedding you worked?

Symbolism and Significance

  • What significance might this have as being Jesus first miracle?
  • What might this miracle (creating new wine from plain water) symbolize about Jesus? (see Matthew 9:17
  • Consider this: Moses first miracle was a plague that turned water to blood (Exodus 2), which speaks of judgment. How might Jesus turning water to wine speak of grace?
  • What in your life seems like plain water? How could Jesus transform that problem or relationship?

Re-read John 2:11
In verse 11 John uses the term “sign” to describe Jesus’s miracle. This term is used 18 other times in John’s gospel when talking about Jesus miracle. He is setting up a series of signposts throughout his Gospel.

  • What do you think these miracles were signs of?
  • How do these signs point people toward a relationship with Jesus?
  • What are some of the signs in your life, which show Jesus at work in your life?
  • How do these signs point you to Jesus?
  • How do they point others to Jesus?

Additional Application Questions (from Max Lucado)

Read the Max Lucado story and answer the questions. (you could probably get away without reading the story, but it may add some depth)

  • Have you ever seen god provide in a miraculous way? Explain.
  • What prevents you from acknowledging God’s provisions? If it’s not a miracle, does it still come from God?
  • List some ways God has met your needs. How does remembering God’s provision in the past encourage you to trust him with your present needs?
  • What simple pleasure brings you a sense of joy or fulfillment?
  • What sometimes holds you back from enjoying life? Why?
  • How do you think your Christians witness is affected when you don’t take time to enjoy life?